The science fantasy writer Edgar Rice Buroughs was born on September 1st, 1875. When Burroughs was just two years old, the planet earth passed Mars at a distance of 35 million miles, which gave astronomers a chance to view the red planet up close. In America, the U.S. Naval Observatory Director, Asaph Hall, used a 26 inch refracting telescope to discover the two small moons of Mars, while in Italy, the astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli made sketches of what he called “canali,” that he saw on the Martian surface. The Italian word, “canali,” means, “channels,” which Schiaparelli thought were natural features on Mars. But in America, the word got mistranslated to “canals,” which are artificial. From that time on, a regular Mars mania swept the world, and in 1912, Burroughs’ novel, “Under the Moons of Mars,” launched his career. Besides the John Carter of Mars and other off-world adventures, Burroughs is best known for his Tarzan stories.